Russia Tower - Moscow
The Russia Tower is a skyscraper currently under construction in the Moscow International Business Center of Moscow, Russia. Construction began in September, 2007, and is planned to be completed in 2012. Upon reaching its final height of 612.2 m (2,009 ft.), it will be the third tallest building in the world, assuming completion of the Lanco Hills Signature Tower. Additionally, it will be the tallest building in the world with a natural ventilation system. The total area of the structure will cover 520,000 mē (5,597,233.4 sq ft), of which 38% (200,000 mē (2,152,782.1 sq ft)) will be located underground. The tower will contain 118 floors, 101 elevators, and underground parking to accommodate 3,680 automobiles. Commercial retail shops will be located at the base of the building. The maximum capacity of the building is projected to be around 30,000. The pyramidal design also maximizes exposure to natural lighting, which provides both light and warmth in the winter. Additionally, there will be a series of green skygardens rising up the core of the building that draw in natural ventilation and provide social space for the occupants. Construction began in September 2007 and is expected to be complete in 2012. Russia Tower will have retail, hotel, office, and residential spaces.